Please join me for the 31 days of December, as I will be posting a Christmas series which looks at the Christmas story and season in a slightly different way. The story of Jesus and the meaning behind the celebration of Christmas are woven throughout the entire Bible – from the beginning of mankind in Genesis to the resurrection of Jesus as told by the apostle John some 4000 years later.
Genesis 3:15 I will put hostility between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed. He will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.
This is the first sign of hope that God gives us in the Bible. Adam and Eve have just rebelled against God, and sin is now introduced into the world and humankind. God curses Satan for it. “Your seed” refers to Satan and unbelievers who are called the devil’s children in John 8:44. “Her seed” refers to Christ, a descendent of Eve through the virgin Mary and includes believers in Christ. This first prophecy of a Savior to come says that Satan will strike Jesus’ heel, but Jesus will give the final blow to Satan’s head and destroy him.
In Genesis 3:13, just prior to this prophecy, God asks Eve what she has done. In verse 14, God curses the serpent, and just one verse later in Genesis 3:15, God provides a way for redemption and hope. God has never left us without hope, even when reading from one verse to the next in the Bible. Through all the suffering that sin has caused in our world, God has always and will continue to, offer a way of hope for those who seek it.
May God touch your heart this Christmas
and show you what His Hope feels like.
Two thousand years have passed between the time of Adam and Eve and when Abraham arrives on the scene. That’s a long time from the first prophecy given in Genesis 3:15. God was certainly patient! Almost everything we know about these first 2000 years of humanity is recorded in the first eleven chapters of Genesis. While God didn’t give us all the details of what occurred and why, there are some very interesting people and events during this time.
Genesis 5 records the genealogy starting with Adam. Adam lived 930 years. Enoch, the father of Methuselah, walked with God and lasted 365 years until “he was no longer there”. He never died but was taken up by God. Methuselah, the oldest man, lived 969 years. But after Methuselah’s time, the world is significantly changed forever. It had become extremely evil and violent, and there was only one righteous man left – Noah, and his family. They were saved by God from the Great Flood which wiped out all the evil and started humanity over again. Life spans were decreased, and the world and climate was changed. Some 700 years later, the people tried to build a monument to their own greatness (calling themselves gods) and worshipping creation instead of the Creator, so God scattered the people into different groups by separating their languages. This became the beginning of different nations.
By the time Abram (later called Abraham) arrived, around 2000 BC, he was living a life of luxury in the city of Ur, now modern day Iraq. The culture had advanced extremely well since the years after the flood and beginning of nations. They were advanced in the areas of arts and sciences, and had been writing for about one thousand years. Their standard of living was high, with the average middle-class home having 10-20 rooms and over 2000 square feet (Archeology and Bible History, Joseph Free, p. 49). But God called Abram out of this life of luxury to lead a nation who would carry God’s story forward through history to all nations. God was ready to begin the prophecy stated in Genesis 3:15. Abram left his former life behind, all for his faith and obedience to God, and the first covenant was created between God and His people. This changed everything. It changed the history of mankind forever, and religion as we know it today was first established.
This is the second prophecy, the Abrahamic Covenant:
Genesis 12:1-3 Go out from your land, your relatives, and your father’s house to theland that I will show you. I will make you into a great nation, I will bless you, I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, I will curse those who treat you with contempt, and all the peoples on earth will be blessed through you.
God promised three blessings to Abraham: land, a great nation, and all people will be blessed through you. We are still living out this first covenant today. The land and nation were fulfilled in the later chapters of Genesis, and the third promise – a blessing to all people – has been fulfilled through Jesus Christ, who was a descendent from this nation and the One who came for all people.
May you get to know the God of Abraham this Christmas season.
He is the One who establishes a covenant promise with His people
to never leave or forsake them, and to be a blessing to all people.
Abraham is chosen by God and becomes the patriarch of the nation of Israel. His son Isaac marries Rebekah and they have twin sons Jacob and Esau. It becomes a family feud between the two brothers which lasts for centuries, and even has a connection to King Herod who attempts to kill the baby Jesus 1700 years later. The two brothers follow different paths. Jacob is given the birthright, takes the name Israel and has 12 sons who become the 12 tribes of Israel. The other brother Esau becomes angry at God, never repents, and his descendants (the Edomites) become a violent nation that is in perpetual conflict with Israel.
Of Jacob’s 12 sons, Judah’s tribe will become the line of King David. And in this third prophecy, it foretells of Judah’s tribe being the line of the coming Messiah – the One whose scepter will not depart and whose right it is to come.
Genesis 49:1, 8-10 Then Jacob (on his deathbed) called his sons and said,
“Gather around, and I will tell you what will happen to you in the days to come.
Judah, your brothers will praise you. Your hand will be on the necks of your enemies; your father’s sons will bow down to you. Judah is a young lion— my son, you return from the kill. He crouches; he lies down like a lion or a lioness—who dares to rouse him? The scepter will not depart from Judah or the staff from between his feet until He whose right it is comes and the obedience of the peoples belongs to Him.”
A dying Jacob saw the day of Christ. He lived by faith in the promise of a Messiah to come. We can now live by faith in a Messiah that has already come! We can know Him. The prophecy of Jesus Christ is here.
May you know the peace that only Jesus Christ can bring –
an everlasting peace full of true joy that can never be taken away.
From the time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the nation of Israel had increased to over a million people. Their large numbers were seen as a threat and they were held captive in Egypt for 400 years until God calls Moses to lead the people out of bondage to a place called Mt. Sinai (modern day Saudi Arabia). There, God gives them instructions for building a tabernacle for worship, and they soon become an organized people with a system of laws and government. Joshua becomes the next leader and he leads the people into the Promised Land in Canaan, the land God had promised to Abraham.
The nation of Israel is ruled by judges for several years after this until a prophet by the name of Samuel is born. Samuel is the last judge of Israel before the people decide they want to have a king like the other nations. They choose Saul to be their first king, though he later goes mad. God then tells the prophet Samuel to anoint a young man named David from the tribe of Judah to be their next king.
King David is a popular and successful king. But even more importantly, he is chosen by God. The prophet Nathan has a vision for King David, and this becomes the Davidic Covenant. It is an unconditional covenant, which means it cannot be undone by our own actions. It states that an everlasting kingdom will come from the house of David. This becomes the fourth prophecy about the coming Messiah and Savior.
2 Samuel 7:16
“Your house and kingdom will endure before Me forever,
and your throne will be established forever.’”
All three of these things (house, kingdom, and throne) are fulfilled in Jesus, as told by the angel Gabriel to the virgin Mary, who was from the house of David.
Luke 1:32-33 “He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.”
May you experience the joy and good news that was announced by the angel Gabriel on that night long ago,
when God came down to earth to fulfill His promise of a Savior and a Kingdom that will never end.
This is one of my favorite, little-known stories in the Bible, and it makes all the difference in the world. The plot thickens as the fate of the nation of Israel and the much-talked about prophecy of the Messiah seems doomed.
The nation of Israel fell on hard times after King David’s reign. Their hopes and dreams to be a great nation that would be a blessing to all nations was shattered. By about 600 BC, the nation had become divided and exiled from their homeland because of their idolatry and worshiping of other gods, something God had specifically warned them against. The magnificent temple that David’s son, King Solomon had built and stood for 400 years was destroyed. The once-great kingdom was divided. The northern kingdom, called Israel, was exiled to Assyria. The southern kingdom, called Judah, was exiled to Babylonia. The northern kingdom never had another good king and would never return to their land, but the southern kingdom of Judah, whose capital city was Jerusalem, still held to the promise that the line of David would always sit on the throne.
Several famous prophets arose during this time – Elijah, Elisha, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Daniel. They warned the people to turn back to God or face judgement, and to remind them about the hope of the coming Messiah. Jeremiah was the last prophet to speak before Jerusalem was destroyed. During this time, Jehoiakim was the King of Judah and was very evil. He heavily taxed the people and had them build an extravagant palace for him without paying them for their labor. He even burned the scroll that Jeremiah wrote. God was angry with Jehoiakim and cursed him through the prophet Jeremiah.
Jeremiah 22:30 Therefore this is what the Lord says about Jehoiakim son of Josiah king of Judah:
“Record this man as if childless, a man who will not prosper in his lifetime, for none of his offspring will prosper, none will sit on the throne of David or rule anymore in Judah.”
Jehoiakim was so evil that God cursed him and his offspring – the very line of David. And this curse seems to void the unconditional Davidic covenant that said the Messiah would inherit the throne through an heir from David’s line. If none of Jehoiakim’s descendents, as heirs to the line of David, could ever sit on the throne again in Judah, how could this prophecy be fulfilled? And the curse came true. Jehoiakim’s descendents never did sit on the throne again. All hope seemed lost forever. But what may look to be humanly impossible is always possible through God. Divine intervention was required.
Fast-forward about 400 years. There had been no more prophets, no word from God, and a doomed curse and impossible way for a Messiah to come. We know the story of Mary and Joseph and the baby Jesus, but is this contradictory to God’s own curse of Jehoiakim? Mary’s husband Joseph was a rightful heir to the throne of David, but neither he nor any of his children could ever sit on the throne of David because he was a descendent of Jehoiakim. The requirement for the prophecy to be fulfilled was that the Messiah must be both an heir to the throne and an offspring in the line of David. It was impossible for one person to fulfill both roles without going against the curse.
Mary was a descendent of Nathan, David’s other son. Nathan was an offspring of David but not an heir to the throne. However, through the virgin birth (a divine intervention), Mary was able to fulfill both. The biological requirement to be in the line of David was fulfilled through Mary. By marriage to her husband Joseph, he fulfilled the legal requirement of being an heir without biologically having an offspring which would violate the curse. Without the divine intervention of a miraculous virgin birth, the Messiah would not have been possible. This is not the only time in the story of the Bible where evil forces try to stop the coming of the Messiah. It is a continuous conflict throughout, but one that never succeeds.
May you have faith in the God who can make all things possible,
the God of miracles, the One who can and always will provide a way of hope. Nothing is impossible for God.